Journal of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences ›› 2021, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (12): 2756-2765.DOI: 10.11869/j.issn.100-8551.2021.12.2756

• Induced Mutations for Plant Breeding·Agricultural Biotechnology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evaluation of the Introduction Performance of Ten Table Grape Cultivars in Weinan Area of Shaanxi Province

LI Yashan1,2(), LI Yumeng1, REN Yizhao1, LIU Xu1,*(), WANG Lujun3, WANG Jinfeng3, CUI Ping4, WANG Yanjun2   

  1. 1College of Enology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100
    2School of Chemistry and Life Sciences, Chuxiong Normal University, Chuxiong, Yunnan 675000
    3Grape Research Institute of Weinan City, Weinan, Shaanxi 714000
    4Grape Industry Management Committee of Eastern Helan Mountain in Ningxia Autonomous Region, Yinchuan, Ningxia 750004
  • Received:2020-08-31 Revised:2020-10-27 Online:2021-12-10 Published:2021-10-25
  • Contact: LIU Xu

10个鲜食葡萄品种在陕西渭南地区的引种表现及评价

李雅善1,2(), 李雨萌1, 任一曌1, 刘旭1,*(), 王录俊3, 王金锋3, 崔萍4, 王艳君2   

  1. 1西北农林科技大学葡萄酒学院,陕西 杨凌 712100
    2楚雄师范学院化学与生命科学学院,云南 楚雄 675000
    3陕西省渭南市葡萄研究所,陕西 渭南 714000
    4宁夏贺兰山东麓葡萄产业园区管理委员会,宁夏 银川 750004
  • 通讯作者: 刘旭
  • 作者简介:李雅善,男,讲师,主要从事葡萄种质资源研究。E-mail: liyashan@cxtc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    西北农林科技大学试验示范站(基地)科技成果推广项目(TGZX2018-8);国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC1502806);陕西省重点研发计划(2020ZDLNY07-08)

Abstract:

In order to screen superior table grape cultivars that are suitable for cultivation in Weinan area of Shaanxi Province and optimize the planting structure of table grape cultivars, ten table grape cultivars including Xinyu, Flame Seedless, Zicui Seedless, Zaoheibao, Summer Black, Zitian Seedless, Hutai No.8, Jumeigui, Shine Muscat, Gold Finger were introduced for cultivation. Field observation and laboratory detection were used in the introduction experiment. The phenological phase and botany properties of the experimental cultivars were observed and recorded, physical and chemical compositions of berries were measured and sensory quality of berries was evaluated. Finally, the berry quality was evaluated comprehensively and ranked with the method of principal component analysis (PCA). The results showed that there were differences among the cultivars in the phenological phase, the botany properties, the physical and chemical compositions and the sensory scores under the conditions of simple rain shelter in Weinan area. The PCA analysis indicated that Xinyu and Hutai No.8 showed better quality, and the quality of Zaoheibao, Shine Muscat, Zitian Seedless were general, but the other cultivars were poor. Xinyu and Hutai No.8 were suggested to be the prior, and the cultivars of Zaoheibao, Shine Muscat and Zitian Seedless could be scaled up moderately. However, the other cultivars were not recommended to plant in large-scale in this area or the cultivation management for planting them had been improved. The results could provide some references for introduction of superior cultivars and planting structure optimization of table grape cultivars in Weinan area.

Key words: table grape, introduction performance, berry quality, principal component analysis

摘要:

为了筛选适宜在陕西省渭南地区栽培的优良鲜食葡萄品种,以优化当地现有鲜食葡萄品种的种植结构,对新郁、弗雷无核、紫脆无核、早黑宝、夏黑、紫甜无核、户太八号、巨玫瑰、阳光玫瑰、金手指共10个鲜食葡萄品种进行引种试验。试验采用田间观察与室内测试相结合的方法,包括观察记录各供试品种的物候期、植物学性状,测定果实的理化成分含量,评价果实的感官质量,最后利用主成分分析法对葡萄果实品质进行综合评价和排序。结果表明,在渭南地区简易避雨栽培条件下,10个鲜食葡萄品种在物候期、植物学性状、果实理化成分含量、感官评分等方面存在差异。综合评价发现新郁、户太八号的品质较好,早黑宝、阳光玫瑰、紫甜无核的品质中等,其余品种的品质较差。本研究为渭南地区鲜食葡萄引种栽培和品种结构优化提供了一定的理论依据。

关键词: 鲜食葡萄, 引种表现, 果实品质, 主成分分析