Journal of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences ›› 2020, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (8): 1834-1839.DOI: 10.11869/j.issn.100-8551.2020.08.1834

• Isotope Tracer Technique·Ecology & Environment·Physiology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of the Nitrogen Topdressing and Plant Density on Grain Yield and Quality of Spring Strong Gluten Wheat Cultivar Zhenmai 12

GUO Rui1, HUANG Xiaogao2, WEN Mingxing1, CHEN Chen1, LIU Juge1, SHAN Yanbo1, QU Chaoxi1, LI Dongsheng1,*   

  1. 1 Zhenjiang Institute of Agricultural Sciences in the Hilly Area of Jiangsu Province, Jurong, Jiangsu 212400;
    2 Zhongken Seed Industry Co., LTD, Shanghai 200080
  • Received:2019-02-19 Revised:2019-05-04 Online:2020-08-10 Published:2020-06-16

追氮量和种植密度对春性强筋小麦镇麦12号籽粒产量和品质的影响

郭瑞1, 黄晓高2, 温明星1, 陈琛1, 柳聚阁1, 单延博1, 曲朝喜1, 李东升1,*   

  1. 1 江苏丘陵地区镇江农业科学研究所,江苏 句容 212400;
    2 中垦种业股份有限公司,上海 200080
  • 通讯作者: *李东升,男,助理研究员,主要从事小麦栽培技术和小麦育种技术研究。E-mail:lds0538@163.com
  • 作者简介:郭瑞,女,研究实习员,主要从事小麦栽培技术和小麦育种技术研究。E-mail:grui66@yeah.net
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划“七大农作物育种”专项(2017YFD0100800),江苏省农业科技支撑计划(BE2016409),镇江市科技支撑计划(NY2017005)

Abstract: In order to verify the optimum nitrogen application rate and plant density for high yield and quality of strong gluten wheat, the cultivar Zhenmai 12 was used as the tested material. The experiments were conducted to study the effects of plant density (225×104, 300×104and 375×104 seedlings·hm-2) and nitrogen application rate (90, 120, 150 and 180 kg·hm-2) on the grain yield and quality of Zhenmai 12. The results showed that the nitrogen application and plant density significantly affected on grain yield and its components of Zhenmai 12. The grain yield increased with increasing of nitrogen application, until the nitrogen level was in advance of 150 kg N·hm-2. However, the grain yield decreased when the plant density was over 225×104 seedlings·hm-2. The content of crude protein and wet gluten and the dough stable time were significantly increased with the improvement of nitrogen topdressing amount. Within a certain planting density, the content of crude protein and wet gluten in seeds enhanced slightly with the increase of plant density, but there were no apparent differences in grain water absorption and dough stable time. Under the conditions of this experiment, the optimal nitrogen topdressing amount and plant density to enhance the yield and quality of Zhenmai 12 were 150kg N·hm2 and 225×104seedlings·hm-2, respectively. The research provided a theoretical basis for the determination of suitable nitrogen amount and plant density in strong gluten wheat with different cultivars.

Key words: strong gluten wheat, plant density, topdressing, grain yield, quality

摘要: 为了明确春性强筋小麦产量和品质协同的适宜施氮量和种植密度,本研究以高产、优质春性强筋小麦品种镇麦12号为材料,在大田条件下基施45%复合肥375 kg·hm-2,尿素150 kg·hm-2,设置4个追氮水平(90、120、150、180 kg·hm-2)和3个种植密度(225、300、375万株·hm-2),研究追氮量和种植密度对镇麦12号籽粒产量和品质的影响。结果表明,追氮量和种植密度对镇麦12号籽粒产量及其产量构成因素的影响达显著或极显著水平。籽粒产量随着追氮量的增加呈先增后降的变化趋势,追氮量超过150 kg·hm-2时,籽粒产量开始下降;随着种植密度的增加,籽粒产量呈下降趋势。增加追氮量显著提高了籽粒粗蛋白含量、湿面筋含量和面团稳定时间;一定种植密度范围内,籽粒粗蛋白含量和湿面筋含量随着种植密度的增加略有提高,吸水率和面团稳定时间差异不显著。本试验条件下,实现协同提高镇麦12号产量和品质的最适密氮组合为追氮量150 kg·hm-2, 种植密度225万株·hm-2。本研究结果为明确不同强筋小麦品种最适的施氮量和种植密度提供了理论依据。

关键词: 强筋小麦, 种植密度, 追肥, 籽粒产量, 品质