Journal of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences ›› 2020, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (7): 1464-1469.DOI: 10.11869/j.issn.100-8551.2020.07.1464

• Food Irradiation·Food Science • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of Electronic Beam Irradiation on the Degradation of Acephate

GUO Dongquan1,2, XU Bo1, DONG Weijie1, CUI Long1, CHEN Haijun1, SHANG Binglan1, CHEN Yuntang1,*, FAN Jialin1,*   

  1. 1 Isotope Institute Co., Ltd., Henan Academy of Sciences/Key Laboratory of Nuclear Agriculture of Henan/Research Center of Irradiation Processing and Engineering of Henan, Zhengzhou, Henan 450015;
    2 School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
  • Received:2019-01-09 Online:2020-07-10 Published:2020-05-20

电子束辐照对乙酰甲胺磷的降解效果研究

郭东权1,2, 许勃1, 董威杰1, 崔龙1, 陈海军1, 尚丙兰1, 陈云堂1,*, 范家霖1,*   

  1. 1 河南省科学院同位素研究所有限责任公司/河南省核农学重点实验室/河南省辐照加工工程技术研究中心,河南 郑州 450015;
    2 北京林业大学水土保持学院,北京 100083
  • 通讯作者: *陈云堂,男,研究员,主要从事农产品及食品辐照保鲜与加工研究。E-mail: chyt1015@163.com;范家霖,男,研究员,主要从事农产品及食品辐照保鲜与加工研究。E-mail: hnskxyfjl@163.com。同为通讯作者。
  • 作者简介:郭东权,男,副研究员,主要从事食品辐照及天然高分子材料辐射改性技术研究。E-mail: guodq@aliyun.com
  • 基金资助:
    河南省科技合作开放项目(182106000046),河南省食品辐照保鲜与加工创新型科技团队[豫科人事(2009)2号],河南省“食品辐照保鲜与加工”优秀创新型科技团队项目(18YX04001),河南省科学院基本科研业务专项(190604014)

Abstract: In order to investigate the degradation of acephate by irradiation. Parameters affecting the electron beam degradation process of acephate solution and added acephate in corn grit were analyzed through single factor experiments with irradiation dose, initial concentration, pH, KMnO4 dosage considered. The results showed that the degradation rate of acephate went up with the increase of irradiation dose, decreased with the increase of the initial concentration of acephate at the same irradiation dose, and reached the maximum when the dose increased to 9 kGy. The degradation rates of acephate with initial concentrations of 25, 50, 100, and 150 mg·L-1 were 95.76%, 94.32%, 90.40%, and 65.60%, respectively, whereas the degradation rate in corn grit was 44.05%.In addition, when the pH value of the solution was neutral, the irradiation degradation effect of acephate was better than that at acidity. There was a significant effect of KMnO4 on the irradiation degradation rate of acephate solution. When the concentration of KMnO4 was 8×10-4 mol·L-1, the degradation rate of 100 mg·L-1 acephate was 94.10% after 7 kGy dose irradiation. In this study, the results could provide a scientific basis in the degradation of organophosphorus pesticides by electron beam irradiation.

Key words: electronic beam, irradiation, acephate, degradation

摘要: 为考察乙酰甲胺磷的辐照降解效果,以乙酰甲胺磷溶液和添加了乙酰甲胺磷的玉米糁为试验对象,研究了电子束辐照剂量、溶液初始浓度、pH值、KMnO4用量对乙酰甲胺磷的降解效果及辐照剂量对玉米糁中乙酰甲胺磷的降解效果。结果表明,乙酰甲胺磷的降解率随着辐照剂量的增加而升高;同一辐照剂量下,降解率随着乙酰甲胺磷溶液初始浓度的增大而降低;辐照剂量为9 kGy时,乙酰甲胺磷的降解率达到最大值,初始浓度为25、50、100、150 mg·L-1水溶液中的乙酰甲胺磷降解率分别为95.76%、94.32%、90.40%、65.60%,玉米糁中的降解率为44.05%;溶液pH值为中性条件时,乙酰甲胺磷的辐照降解效果优于酸性;KMnO4对溶液中乙酰甲胺磷的辐照降解率具有明显影响,当辐照剂量为7 kGy时,8×10-4 mol·L-1的KMnO4可使初始浓度为100 mg·L-1的乙酰甲胺磷溶液降解率达到94.10%。本研究结果为电子束辐照降解乙酰甲胺磷等有机磷类农药残留提供了理论参考和科学依据。

关键词: 电子束, 辐照, 乙酰甲胺磷, 降解